Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 19 December 2016

Written by  Published in Analysis Monday, 19 December 2016 15:30
The Ethiopian Humanitarian Fund (EHF) allocates US$17 million to new humanitarian needs
Some 60 water trucks deployed to three severely affected zones in Oromia region
Zones continue to report on Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) cases in Oromia region
Drought exacerbated by El Niño, combined with extensive flooding, disease outbreaks and the disruption of basic public services, continue to have a negative impact on the lives and livelihoods of 9.7 million Ethiopians. Urgent funding gaps for the response remain across multiple sectors to the end of 2016, notably for response to Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD), for interventions in animal health and food assistance. Major funding requirements are already anticipated for early 2017, as there are concerning indications that the current negative Indian Ocean Dipole, may affect water availability, livestock body condition and Meher harvest performance in southern and eastern Ethiopia.
The Ethiopian Humanitarian Fund (EHF) allocates US$17 million to the new humanitarian needs in the south and southeastern regions
In response to the new drought due to the Indian Ocean Dipole and to bridge gaps between November 2016 and the first quarter of 2017, the EHF strategically allocated $17 million for lifesaving activities. The Allocation Plan mirrors the Inter-Cluster Prioritization exercise of 18 November 2016 that identified highest needs in nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH), agriculture and health sectors. Geographic priorities have also been agreed to mainly respond to the developing drought in the South and South-eastern parts of the country. The apportioned funding is also endorsed at the highest levels by the EHF Advisory Board and the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC). The EHF has already allocated more than $72 million supporting 80 multi-sectoral projects across the country. In 2016, the EHF has received funding from nine donors, including Australia, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, South Korea, Switzerland, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States. Most recently the United Kingdom contributed $14.5 million to the Fund towards the current allocation.
Some 60 water trucks deployed to three severely affected zones in Oromia region
In response to the requests from the Government of Ethiopia to provide WaSH services to populations affected by the negative Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) in Oromia, Somali and SNNP regions,
UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia region since 09 December 2016. Gumbi,
Boredede, Hawi, Gudina, Burka Dhintu and Oda Bultum woredas in West Harerge zone and Fentale and Boset woredas in East Shewa zone and Shalla woreda in West Arsi zone are targeted by the 21 day water trucking operation. The operation is monitored by water trucking monitors through a centrally managed institutional contract with a freight company. Additionally, UNICEF has dispatched USD 650,000 worth of household water treatment chemicals this week to the affected three regions. In Somali region, a few NGOs are making efforts to start water trucking operations as soon as possible as well.
Zones continue to report on Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) cases in Oromia region
According to recent health updates, some 5,150 AWD cases were reported in the Oromia region, affecting 114 woredas and 13 towns. Out of the total affected woredas, 93 of them reported zero cases for many days or months due to massive community awareness, surveillance, AWD case management and WaSH interventions by the regional health bureau and humanitarian partners.
Currently active AWD cases are being reported from seven woredas in East Hararghe, three woredas in West Arsi, three woreads in West Hararghe, four woredas in Bale, two woredas in East Wollega zones and Shashemenne town.

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